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Heat Safety Tips

Heat Safety Tips

  • Stay inside in air conditioning whenever possible. If you do not have an air conditioner, use movie theaters, malls, libraries and other public places that are cool. Even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat.
  • Drink plenty of water – do not wait until you are thirsty. Avoid beverages with alcohol, caffeine and sugar because they will dehydrate you.
  • Eat light meals. Avoid hot foods and heavy meals—they add heat to your body.
  • Dress infants and children in cool, loose clothing and shade their heads and faces with hats or an umbrella. The same advice is good for adults too.
  • Limit sun exposure during mid-day hours and stay in the shade when possible. Try to limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours when it is cooler.
  • Never leave infants, children, or pets in a parked car.
  • Provide plenty of fresh water for your pets, and leave the water in a shady area. Bring your pet indoors where it is cooler when you can.

Heat related illness signs and symptoms

Heat stroke – this is a very serious and life-threatening condition. The skin becomes hot and dry. Your body temperature will rise and you will experience breathing problems. You may become confused and have a rapid pulse. Call immediately for emergency medical treatment by dialing 9-1-1. If possible, move into a cool or air-conditioned area immediately

Heat exhaustion – you will begin to sweat heavily. Your skin will become pale and clammy to the touch. You will be weak and may feel dizzy. Move into a cool area, sponge down with cool water and take sips of water every 15 minutes until you feel better.

Heat cramps – you will begin to sweat heavily with painful spasms in the legs or abdomen. Move out of the heat into a cool area and gently massage the muscle. Take sips of water every 15 minutes until you feel better.